before long – niedługo, wkrótce
We should have news before long.
by accident – przez przypadek
I ran into him by accident.
by air/rail/road/sea – podróżować samolotem, koleją, morzem
I like travelling by air/rail/road/sea
by appointment – poprzez wybór, wskazanie
To fill a vacancy by appointment.
by birth – być z pochodzenia (kimś, skądś)
I am Bostonian by birth.
by bus/car/plane etc. – (podróż) autobusem/samochodem/samolotem
I hate travelling by bus.
by chance – przez przypadek; przypadkiem
They met by chance on a plane.Is he, by any chance, her brother?
by cheque – płacić czekiem
Can I pay by cheque please?
by day/night – za dnia/nocą
They sleep by day and hunt by night.
by far – zdecydowanie, nieporównanie
You are by far the best student in our class.
by force – siłą
The protesters were dispersed by force.
by hand – ręcznie
Each piece was made by hand.
by heart – (idiom) na pamięć
She knew the speech by heart and didn’t even look at her notes.
by land - lądem
I prefer travelling by land.
by luck = by chance = by accident – przez przypadek
She won by luck, she wasn’t really that good.
by means of – za pomocą czegoś
They succeeded by means of patience and knowledge.
by mistake – przez pomyłkę
He took my jacket by mistake.
by now – do tego czasu, do tej pory
We should have been home by now.
by oneself – sam/sama
I don’t want to be by myself tonight.He went to the party by himself.
by phone/post/air mail – telefonem, pocztą, pocztą lotniczą
You can try sending the parcel by air mail.
by one's side – przy czyimś boku
I want to have you by my side – I miss you!
by the time – do czasu/momentu gdy
By the time I get home, the sun will be setting.
by the way – tak przy okazji, a propos
It’s Mary’s birthday on Friday. By the way, I already got her a gift!